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How to protect yourself in an earthquake: Tips and strategies

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What to do in an earthquake (Photo: Shutterstock)
  • What to do in an earthquake.
  • Follow these tips to stay safe.
  • Don’t risk your family or your life!

Earthquakes can be terrifying and unpredictable events.

Knowing what to do before, during and after one can make a big difference in you and your family’s safety.

Here, we’ll go through key tips and strategies to help you protect yourself and your loved ones.

Let’s jump right into it to be better prepared for when the ground shakes.

Understand the risks and be prepared

earthquake, feet, road, cracks
Photo: Getty Images

Awareness is the first step in earthquake preparedness.

Depending on where you live, the risk of experiencing an earthquake may be higher.

Consult local and national seismic hazard maps to get an idea of your risk level.

Having this knowledge can guide your preparedness efforts and help you know what to expect.

What to do in an earthquake: Put together an emergency kit

Mother and her family, preparing emergency kit
Photo: Shutterstock

An emergency kit is essential for any disaster, earthquakes included.

The kit should contain water, non-perishable food, first aid supplies, flashlights and extra batteries.

Don’t forget important documents like identification, insurance policies and medical records.

Keep the kit in an accessible location and make sure everyone in your household knows where it is.

Earthquake safety: Secure your home

what to do in an earthquake, chart
Photo: Shutterstock

A well-secured home can reduce the risk of injury during an earthquake.

Attach heavy furniture to walls and move hazardous items to lower shelves.

Make sure your gas lines have automatic shut-off valves to prevent leaks and potential fires.

The small steps you take to secure your home can make a huge difference when disaster strikes.

Learn to ‘Drop, Cover and Hold On’

Drop, Cover, and Hold On, emergency, earthquake
Photo: Shutterstock

The key to surviving an earthquake is minimizing movement and taking cover.

The best action is to Drop, Cover, and Hold On.

Drop to your hands and knees to prevent falling. Take cover under a sturdy piece of furniture and hold on until the shaking stops.

If no cover is available, stay away from windows and exterior walls.

During the earthquake: Staying safe indoors

what to do in an earthquake, take cover, protect yourself
Photo: Shutterstock

If you’re indoors during an earthquake, stay there.

Move away from windows, mirrors and anything that could shatter.

Use your arm to shield your head and neck.

Wait for the shaking to stop before you venture outside, always being cautious of potential aftershocks.

During the earthquake: What to do if you’re outdoors

what to do in an earthquake, concept, destruction
Photo: Shutterstock

Being outside during an earthquake can be less risky than being indoors, but there are still precautions to take.

Move to an open area away from buildings, trees and power lines.

Drop to the ground and cover your head and neck with your arms.

Stay in this position until the shaking stops and it’s safe to move.

After the earthquake: Checking for injuries and damage

earthquake resistant, house design, concept
Photo: Shutterstock

Once the shaking has stopped, check yourself and those around you for injuries.

Administer first aid if needed and seek medical attention if required.

Inspect your home for damage, paying close attention to the structural integrity of the building.

Turn off any damaged utilities to reduce risks further.

Staying informed and connected

Young woman watching TV, news, information
Photo: Shutterstock

After an earthquake, information is crucial.

Listen to emergency broadcasts and follow the instructions of local authorities.

Keep your phone charged and save battery power for essential communications.

Use social media and other platforms to stay updated and let loved ones know you’re safe.

Community involvement

aftermath, volunteers, community
FOTO: Shutterstock

Participate in local earthquake preparedness programs and encourage others to do the same.

Shared knowledge and resources can go a long way in ensuring everyone’s safety during an earthquake.

From understanding the risks to securing your home and knowing what actions to take during the event, every bit of preparation counts.

By following these tips and strategies, you’ll be well-equipped to protect yourself and those around you when the ground shakes.

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